St Basil’s Cathedral – Russia
St. Basil’s Cathedral was built in the years 1555-1561 on the orders of Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the capture of Kazan and the victory over the Kazan Khanate. There are several theories about the creators of the cathedral. According to one version, the architect was the famous master of Pskov Faster Yakovlev, nicknamed Barma. On the other hand, the well-known version of Barma and Faster – two different architects, both involved in the construction, this version is now out of date. A third version, the cathedral was built by an unknown master of the Western European (presumably Italian, as in the past – much of the construction of the Moscow Kremlin), this is such a unique style that combines tradition of Russian architecture and European art of the Renaissance. But for this version was not found any clear documentary evidence. According to legend, the architect (architects) cathedral were blinded by order of Ivan the Terrible, so they can’t build more like this temple. However, if the author of the cathedral is the Faster, he could not be blinded because within a few years after the construction of the cathedral was involved in the creation of the Kazan Kremlin.
Buckingham Palace – London
History of Buckingham Palace dates back to the XVIII century. At the time, this place was great palace of the Duke of Buckingham. According to contemporaries, it was “one of the finest houses in London.” In 1762, King George III bought it for 28,000 pounds at Sir Charles Sheffield, who succeeded him after the death of his widowed duchess. Buckingham House was named “Queen House” and served as the residence of the king’s wife Charlotte and her growing family.
Colosseum in Rome – Italy
Construction of an amphitheater began under Emperor Vespasian, after a series of victories won by him in Judea, and was completed in 80 by Emperor Titus, son of Vespasian. For a long time the Colosseum was the most important entertainment center in the Roman Empire. There were gladiator fights, battles with animals and other representations that were popular in Rome. In 405, Emperor Honorius banned the gladiators as they did not meet the notions of Christianity, which became the new official religion. However, battles with animals continued to be held at the Coliseum until the 6th century.
In the Middle Ages the Colosseum in Rome was used as a fortress of noble birth and later for public use. There is an evidence that in the 14th century there were bullfights. In the middle of the 14th century as a result of a strong earthquake collapsed the southern part of the ancient building. Since then, the amphitheater served as an important source of building materials for large-scale campaigns undertaken popes. In the 18th century, Pope Benedict XIV dedicated Colosseum to passion of the Christ, suggesting that in the arena during the persecution of Christians killed many martyrs for the faith. He ordered to build a cross in the middle of the arena and surround it with the altar. From then until the end of the 19th century in the Colosseum was one of the monastic orders.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Leaning Tower of Pisa is in the Italian city of Pisa and it’s no the only sight, specifically of the area in which it is located, because this area is not only the “leaning tower”, but the whole ensemble of noteworthy buildings. All these buildings are the city’s cathedral (Pisa Cathedral) of Santa Maria Assunta. His name leaning Tower of Pisa come from the fact that quite strongly tilted to the side, which creates the impression of the fall of the entire structure.It was originally built by the Pisan cathedral, baptistery later, and then began construction of the belfry. During the work on the belfry, which lasted nearly two centuries, the cathedral was cemetery. All of these objects, including the bell tower itself – Leaning Tower of Pisa, in 1986, acquired the status of World Heritage Site. I wonder what the residents of Pisa loving call their unique tower “protracted miracle”, because every year it is rejected by one millimeter from its vertical axis, and so “falls” eight hundred years.
Eiffel Tower – Paris
The tower was built not to be symbol for the future of Paris and France – back in 1889 it was assigned a minor role, to be main entrance to the timed centennial French Revolution Paris World Exhibition. For building the tower have spent 7.8 million francs, but it has paid off for the duration of the exhibition. Pyramidal bottom floor of the Eiffel tower is formed by four metal columns. Columns are located on the roof of the first platform, which rises up the second pyramid, which grows into a colossal pyramid column, terminating the third platform of the lighthouse and the dome, above which at 300 meters is the last observation deck. The design is equipped with multiple staircases and elevators.